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Profile of Meghalaya Education

The Christian missionaries were the first to start modern education in the Khasi, Jaintia and Garo Hills. The history of formal education in Meghalaya dates with the formulation of a Khasi Alphabet in 1842 by Rev Thomas Jones, a Welsh missionary.  The Garo Hills too developed a Garo Alphabet in 1902 sing the Roman script. Shillong, the capital of Mehalaya has been a favorite among any luminaries as well. Nobel Laureates like Rabindranath Tagore and Dr. C.V. Raman spent a lot of their time in Meghalaya. 

Meghalaya has a literacy rate of 75.48% as per Census 2011 (it is 77.17% for males and 73.78% for females).Over the years the literacy rate has shown an overall improvement escalating from 26.92% in the year 1961 to around 63.31% in the year 2001.

Meghalaya is also the first state to introduce the model of “communitization’ at the elementary level. In this model of education, the committees or the governing body or government schools have prominent citizens heading these committees. Despite the slow start there has seen massive improvement over the years. With the implementation of flagship programmes like SSA and RMSA, the educational profile of the state is received a big boost.  


School Education in Meghalaya

Children between 3 and 6 do not attend any pre-primary or preparatory school in the state. Compulsory and free education is offered to students until the age of 14. The state has colleges that offer academic courses in Arts, Science, and Commerce. A student can also seek admission into the University for higher education.Most of the schools follow CBSE or state board.  The government announced that t will introduce Chinese in the school curriculum to enable the students get better employment opportunities in China. Many children also pursue medical courses in china. This will also benefit them. Tura Public school, Assam Rifles School, Army School, and Pine Mount School are some of the popular schools in Meghalaya.

Higher Education in Meghalaya


The first college was established in Shillong only in 1924 by the Christian Brothers of Ireland. The historical legacy coupled with an enabling environment has been instrumental for many institutes to set up their campuses here.  National Institutes of repute like the North Eastern Hill University which is a Central University, The North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health & Medical Science (NEIGRIMS), the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), National Institute of Fashion Design (NIFT), Indian Institute of Hotel Management, Central Institute of English & Foreign Languages (CIEFL) and various other prominent institutes of higher Learning are some of the premier institutes located in Meghalaya.


Education Apex Bodies of Meghalaya


IIM in Meghalaya


NIT in Meghalaya

Other Educational Institutes of Meghalaya

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